No Reversal of ITC on Inputs lost in Manufacturing Process

No Reversal of ITC on Inputs lost in Manufacturing Process

Held by Hon’ble High Court of Judicature at Madras in the matter of 

M/s.ARS Steels & Alloy International Pvt. Ltd., Vs The State Tax Officer (W.P.No.2885 of 2021)

In the given case, the petitioner was engaged in manufacturing MS Billets and Ingots. Due to the inherent nature of the manufacturing process, a portion of input losses during the manufacturing process. The Respondent reversed ITC corresponding to such lost Input under Section 17(5)(h) of CGST Act on account of goods lost, stolen, destroyed, written off or disposed of by way of gift or free samples. The petitioner contended that scenarios given under Section 17(5)(h) are for such losses which are quantifiable in nature and also involve external factors or compulsion. However, loss in the manufacturing process is inherent in nature. 

Hon’ble High Court relied on the case of  Rupa & Co. Ltd. V. Cestat, Chennai (2015 (324) ELT 295) wherein it was held that some amount of consumption of the input was inevitable in the manufacturing process. 

Therefore, ITC should be granted on the original amount of input used notwithstanding that the entire amount of input would not figure in the finished product. Therefore, Hon’ble High Court held that loss due to inherent nature of manufacturing process is not covered under Section 17(5)(h) of CGST Act, 2017 and impugned order is liable to be set aside.

Detailed discussion is carried out as follows:

1. Brief facts of the case:

  • The petitioners are engaged in manufacturing of MS Billets and Ingots. MS scrap is an input which is used to manufacture billets and Ingots and such Billets and Ingots become input for the manufacture of TMT/CTD Bars.
  • As per inherent nature of the manufacturing process, a portion of Input losses during manufacturing process.
  • The respondent issued an impugned order to reverse a portion of ITC claimed by the Petitioners with respect to inputs lost under section 17(5)(h) of CGST Act, 2017.
  • Therefore, petitioner filed a petition before Hon’ble High Court of Madras challenging Impugned order.

2. Relevant Legal Extracts

  • Provisions for eligibility of ITC and reversal were also provided Tamil Nadu Value Added Tax Act, 2006 (“TNVAT Act”). Section 19 of TNVAT Act provided for various situations for grant and reversal of ITC.
  • Inclining with provisions of Section 19, similar provisions are also incorporated under Section 17 of CGST Act, 2017.
  • Section 17(1) to (4) provides for cases where assessee is entitled to claim ITC. Whereas, Section 17(5) provides for scenarios where ITC is not admissible.
  • Relevant extract of Section 17(5)(h) is as follows:

“Section 17: Apportionment of credit and blocked credits 

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 16 and sub-section (1) of section 18, input tax credit shall not be available in respect of the following, namely: 

(h) goods lost, stolen, destroyed, written off or disposed of by way of gift or free samples.”

3. Submission made by The Petitioner:

The Petitioner contended that:

  • The respondent has reversed the ITC by invoking provisions of Section 17(5)(h) of CGST Act which means ITC related to goods lost, stolen, destroyed, written off or disposed of by way of gift or free samples.
  • However, loss occurred during the manufacturing process can not be considered as loss due to reasons mentioned above.
  • Scenarios given under Section 17(5)(h) are loss of inputs which are quantifiable and involve external factors or compulsion. However, loss in the manufacturing process is inherent in nature.

4. Finding by Hon’ble High Court

  • Hon’ble High Court relied on the case of  Rupa & Co. Ltd. V. Cestat, Chennai (2015 (324) ELT 295) wherein Division Bench of this Court decided a question of law about entitlement of ITC with respect to inputs used in the manufacturing process, under Section 9A and 2(g) of the CENVAT Credit Rules, 2002.
  • In that case, Input in finished goods was marginally less as compared to input utilised by assessee and the department reverses the ITC on difference between the original quantity of input and the input contained in the finished product.
  • The Hon’ble Bench held that some amount of consumption of the input was inevitable in the manufacturing process. Therefore, ITC should be granted on the original amount of input used notwithstanding that the entire amount of input would not figure in the finished product and also added:
    • The expression ‘inputs of such finished product’ and ‘contained in finished products’ cannot be interpreted in a theoretical manner.
    • It has to be understood in the context of the manufacturing process.
    • If there is no dispute about the fact that every manufacturing process would automatically result in some kind of a loss such as evaporation, creation of by-products, etc.,the total quantity of inputs that went into the making of the finished product represents the inputs of such products in entirety’

5. Decision of Hon’ble High Court

Considering the finding, Hon’ble High Court held:

  • Reversal of ITC on account of loss by consumption of input which is inherent to manufacturing loss under section 17(5)(h) is misconceived.
  • Such losses are not covered under Section 17(5)(h) of CGST Act.
  • Therefore, impugned order is liable to be set aside.

DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are strictly of the author and VJM & Associates LLP. The contents of this article are solely for informational purpose. It does not constitute professional advice or recommendation of firm. Neither the author nor firm and its affiliates accepts any liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any information in this article nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

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