Certificate of incorporation (COI) v/s Commencement of Business (COB)

Certificate of incorporation (COI) v/s Commencement of Business (COB)
BasisCERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION (COI)CERTIFICATE OF COMMENCEMENT OF BUSINESS (COB)
ApplicabilityCertificate of incorporation is applicable to all class of companies irrespective of share capital.Applicability of Certificate of commencement of business vary with time to time. As in starting it only applicable to public companies, at current scenario it applicable to all the companies having share capital whether private or public.
ConclusivenessCertificate of incorporation is legal document which serves as a conclusive evidence that all the requirements of this Act have been completed with all respect by incorporated company.Certificate of commencement of business is a document that contains the information related to share capital which is agreed to be paid by the subscribers of the company at the time of its incorporation.
DependencyObtainment of Certificate of incorporation is not depend on availability of Certificate of commencement of business. In other words, companies don’t need to require Certificate of commencement of business for Obtainment of Certificate of incorporation.Obtainment of Certificate of incorporation is not depend on availability of Certificate of commencement of business. In other words, companies don’t need to require Certificate of commencement of business for Obtainment of Certificate of incorporation.
ExistenceIf we talk about Certificate of incorporation, it comes into existence since day one. In other words, Certificate of incorporation was also existed in old Act I.e. Erstwhile Companies Act, 1956 and also it is still existing in new Companies Act i.e. Companies Act, 2013. If we talk about Certificate of commencement of business it comes into existing because of need of a compelling reform, it existed in old Act I.e. Erstwhile Companies Act, 1956.
But with limited applicability, but after some time it got omitted, currently it is applicable Vide Companies (Incorporation) Fourth amendment Rules, 2018 Notification.No.F.no 1/13/2013 CL-V, Part-I, Vol, II dated 18th December 2018 and the companies (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 dated 2nd November 2018.
Governing lawCertificate of incorporation is governed by company Act 2013.Certificate of commencement of business is governed by Companies [Registration
Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014.

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DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are strictly of the author and VJM & Associates LLP. The contents of this article are solely for informational purpose. It does not constitute professional advice or recommendation of firm. Neither the author nor firm and its affiliates accepts any liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any information in this article nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

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